A Moche Solid Cast Copper Warrior Figure, ca. 500 - 800 CE
PB2101Regular price $6,500 USD
Solid copper cast warrior figures, such as this example, were burial offerings for royalty of the Moché culture. In this example, the warrior wears a padded tunic, helmet, multi-strand necklace, and ear spool ornaments, and carries a backpack with gourd water bottles. In his right hand he holds up a round war shield and in his left dangles a free moving suspended trophy head, taken in battle.
Warfare was a recurring theme, especially in Phases IV and V, the Middle and Late Phases of Moche civilization. Moche artists frequently depicted warriors and warrior activities, and hundreds of these depictions can be found in museums and private collections today. The combat they depict appears to be ceremonial rather than militaristic. The essence of Moche combat appears to have been the expression of individual valor, in which the warriors engage in one-on-one combat. The elaborate clothing and ornaments worn by Moche warriors indicate that they were people of high status—almost certainly members of the aristocracy.
Dimensions: Height: 3 inches (7.5 cm), Width: 1 1/4 inches (3.17 cm)
Condition: Fabulous blue-green surface patina with areas of red oxides. Intact and in excellent condition overall, a rare and beautiful example.
Provenance: ex: Fred Leighton Collection, ex: Alexander Acevedo Collection, acquired prior to 1990 then sold through his NYC Gallery, Alexander Gallery, thereafter acquired by the present owner from the NY trade.
A Roman Bronze Oil Lamp Spout, Roman Imperial Period, ca. 1st century CE
RB2103Regular price $950 USD
Known traditionally as plastic ('plastic' meaning molded or modeled) lamps, oil lamps of this type were formed into fantastic shapes Their shapes were limited only by the makers' imaginations and were molded to represent anything from heads, hands, and feet, to gods, animals and mythological characters. This anthropomorphic spout is from such a vessel, depicting the head of Pan with a glaring expression, wide protruding nose, and large open mouth that was used as the wick hole, the back open for attachment to the body of the lamp.
Dimensions: Length: 1 3/4 inches (4.44 cm), Width: 1 1/2 inches (3.8 cm)
Condition: Intact and in good condition overall. With good patina.
Provenance: Private Maryland collection, acquired in 2009, previously in a Dutch private collection.
A Roman Bronze Roundel of Zeus-Ammon, ca. 1st - 2nd century CE
RB1310Regular price $2,500 USD
Here we see the god Zeus-Ammon, portrayed in raised relief, his generous curling hair, beard, and mustache; curling ram's horns to either side, his large, expressive, almond-shaped eyes of inlaid silver are further emphasized by thick incised eyebrows. There are four attachment holes to the flat rim that enable mounting to a larger composition.
The addition of Ammon to the god of gods, Zeus, comes from the Egyptian deity Amun, later fused with the Sun god, Ra, as Amun-Ra. His position as King of Gods developed to the point of virtual monotheism where other gods became manifestations of him. With Osiris, Amun-Ra is the most widely recorded of the Egyptian gods. As the chief deity of the Egyptian Empire, Amun-Ra also came to be worshipped outside of Egypt, in Ancient Libya and Nubia, and as Zeus Ammon came to be identified with Zeus, or Jupiter, in Ancient Greece and Rome.
Condition: Expected signs of use with a fine green-brown patina throughout, piece is intact and in very condition overall. Presented on museum-quality custom mount.
Dimensions: Diameter 6 cm (2 1/4 inches)
Provenance: Clarence Schroder private collection, Florida, acquired prior to 1970.
A Roman Bronze hand of Sabazios, Roman Imperial Period, ca. 2nd - 3rd century CE
RB2012Regular price $4,950 USD
This sculptured bronze right hand is hollow-cast from the Thracian mystery cult of Sabazios which became popular throughout the Roman empire. With the thumb, index and middle finger raised, it is performing the benedictio latina blessing and is covered with various mystical symbology. Here, snakes, whose heads appear between the fingers, intertwine around the wrist and hand with birds and grapes attached to their bodies.
The bronze "Hand of Sabazios", such as this example, were presumably attached to staffs and displayed in processions. This practice was probably introduced into the cult of Sabazios towards the very end of the Hellenistic period or the beginning of the Roman Empire, as indicated by the earliest finds of such hands. However, the gesture existed much earlier, for it is found on Attic black- and red-figured pottery and is often associated with Hermes in his role as instructor and Psychopompos. From the beginning of the Hellenistic period, the gesture was mainly used to indicate speech, the knowledge conveyed through speech and wisdom acquired through the initiations of mystic cults. As the symbols on the hands are often associated with the Underworld, it is proposed the Sabazian mysteries dealt with life after death and the Underworld. The “Hand of Sabazios,” subsequently inspired the “Hand of Benediction” and the “Hand of God” that has permeated Christian art and culture for thousands of years.
Ref: SE Johnson, The Present State of Sabazios Research, ANRW II 17.4 (1984) 1583-1613; R. Fellmann, The Sabazios Cult in: MJ Vermaserern, The Oriental Religions in the Roman Empire (1981) p. 316 ff, Berndt, Susanne. “The Hand Gesture and Symbols of Sabazios.” Opuscula. Annual of the Swedish Institutes at Athens and Rome 11 (n.d.) (2018): 151–68. doi:10.30549/OPATHROM-11-08
Dimensions: Height: 4 3/4 inches (12 cm), Length: 2 1/2 inches (6.35 cm), Width: 1 3/4 inches (4.4 cm)
Condition: With heavy patina, intact and in good condition.
Provenance: Ex S. Rosenbaum-Kroeber Collection, 1960 - 1984, Ascona, Switzerland; thereafter a private German collection, acquired in 1988 and then by descent.
A Luristan Bronze Spearhead, ca. 1200 - 800 BCE
MX007-PBRegular price $750 USD
cast using the lost wax process; of elongated tapering form, gently curved shoulder and projecting rectangular-sectioned midrib, a rat-tail or bent tang with button end.
For similar examples, see Moorey PRS, "Catalogue of Ancient Persian Bronzes in the Ashmolean Museum" (1971), 88, fig 84 and Negahban, "Marlik, the Complete Excavation Report", #747, 751 and 749.
Dimensions: Height: 12.3 inches (32 cm)
Condition: Minor nicks to the blade edge from use otherwise intact and in very good condition overall. Custom mounted.
Provenance: The Herbert Kavet private collection of Ancient Weapons, acquired from Harmer Rourke Galleries, NY in the early 1970's.
A Luristan Bronze Pin with Lollipop Head, ca. 1st millennium BCE
MB1521Regular price $300 USD
A bronze pin with a lollipop-type finial, decorated with an incised star.
Background: These pins are comprised of two different groupings of Western Persian pins: the first consists of those with simple cast heads depicting discs, domes, cones, and other basic geometric shapes, fruit and floral shapes, and zoomorphic shapes. These types of pins were common in Luristan as well as other areas of western Persia. The second (or third as P.R.S. Moorey categorizes it) grouping consists of those with normally circular, hammered sheet-bronze heads; design in repousse or chased on the surface. These pins are almost exclusively found in Luristan.
It is almost impossible to differentiate the functions of certain pins, except for the suggestion that a hole in the shank of the pin indicates it as a garment pin rather than a hairpin.
Reference: P.R.S. Mooney, Catalogue of the Ancient Persian Bronzes in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1971, pgs 172-215.
Dimensions: Length: 5 inches (13 cm)
Condition: With blue-green surface patina, pin shaft slightly bent, but otherwise intact and in good condition overall. Presented on a museum quality custom mount.
Provenance: Estate collection of Nourollah Elghanayan , NYC., acquired 1960s - 70s.
A Luristan Bronze Finial, ca.1200 - 800 BCE
MB002-PBRegular price $300 USD
The hollow cylindrical form topped with an ibex, a classic motif in Luristan bronzework. One side cast as the ibex head and neck, the other with two prongs curving downward.
Dimensions: Length: 4 1/2 inches (11.43 cm)
Condition: With a small crack through the surface, the two small horns missing their tips, but overall intact and in good condition.
Provenance: Private Virginia collection acquired from the trade and previously private NYC collection.
A Levantine Iron Pick Axe, Iron Age II C - Hellenistic Period, ca. 7th - 1st century BCE
MX2002Regular price $595 USD
Manufactured in ancient Israel during Biblical times, featuring a vertically-placed cutting blade and a central socketed rhomboid shield.
cf. The Jewish Museum, New York, no.1982-8
Dimensions: Length: 19.5 cm (7.6 inches)
Condition: Intact and in good condition overall.
Provenance: Alex Malloy collection, acquired 1980s - 1990s.
An Egyptian Bronze Double Uraeus Amulet, Late Period, 25th - 26th Dynasty, ca. 745 - 525 BCE
EA2018Regular price $950 USD
Featuring twin upright cobras with the sun disk above their heads, their bodies with incised linear decoration.
Dimensions: Height: 3.2 cm (1.26 inches), Width: 2 cm (0.78 inches)
Condition: With expected surface wear, intact and in good condition overall.
Provenance: RDA private collection, acquired from the NY trade as part of a collection assembled in the 1970's and 1980's.
A Western Asiatic Bronze Goddess Finial, ca. 1200 - 800 BCE
MB005-PBRegular price $650 USD
Hollow cast, in the stylized form of a goddess with carved facial features, prominent breasts, and shoulders, wearing a headdress, the functional cylindrical shape doubling as her body.
Dimensions: Height: 2 1/2 inches (6.3 cm)
Condition: Some losses to the bronze at the rear top and bottom edges, but otherwise intact and in good condition.
Provenance: Paul Ilton private collection. During his lifetime, Paul Ilton was internationally known as an archaeologist, lecturer, teacher, film consultant and author, personally excavating the pieces within his collecting during his 25 years in the Holy Land. He recorded his findings in a book “The Bible was my Treasure Map” published in 1958 following his death.
A Han Dynasty Garlic Head Bronze Hu Jar, ca. 206 BCE - 220 CE
AB003-PBRegular price $1,500 USD
A fine and rare ancient Chinese bronze "garlic head" hu wine jar dating to the Han dynasty. Featuring fine brown and green patina, the vessel stands on a circular foot, has a low, bulbous body that narrows to a long, thin neck ending in a garlic shaped final.
Dimensions: Height: 15 inches (38 cm)
Condition: Some age appropriate wear, minor losses and areas of restoration, small hole where spacer partially disloged, dent to body.
Provenance: Private Washington D.C. collection.
An Egyptian Bronze Swivel Ring with Scarab Seal, 20-21st Dynasty, ca. 1190 - 945 BCE
EJ1629Regular price $1,950 USD
Condition: Intact besides some chips to scarab, bronze corroded.
Dimensions: 1 1/16 inches (2.7 cm), scarab length: 7/8 inch (2.2 cm)
Provenance: From a collection of Levantine scarabs bought in Israel over the years and later acquired from the London trade in 1994, thereafter private collection of Geoffrey Metz, Egyptologist collection number: M428.
An Egyptian Bronze Figure of Harpokrates, Saite Period, ca. 664 - 552 BCE
EB1903Regular price $3,500 USD
Condition: Intact and in excellent condition overall.
Dimensions: Height: 13 cm (5.11 inches)
Provenance: Private Californian collection acquired in Switzerland in the 1970s and then by descent.
An Illyrian Bronze Belt, Archaic Period, 6th century BCE
GB001-PBRegular price $7,500 USD
Comprising individual rectangular fittings each cast with alternating raised circular bosses, rectangular terminals and a triangular clasp. Originally attached to leather belt.
Condition: All elements of the belt have been restrung on nylon thread, otherwise intact and in original condition. Museum quality custom mount.
Dimensions: Length: 94 cm (37 inches), width: 6 cm (2.36 cm)
Provenance: previously forming part of the private collection of G.K., Shaftlarn, Germany, acquired in the 1990s.
A Roman Reclining River God Vase Handle, ca 2nd century CE
RB1904Regular price $4,950 USD
Published: Royal Athena, Art of the Ancient World, vol. VIII, 1995, no. 50.
Condition: The handle is intact and in excellent condition overall with very good blue-green surface patina. Professionally mounted on custom wood base.
Dimensions: Length: 2 1/2 inches (6.35 cm)
Provenance: Private NYC collection, acquired in London, July 1990
An Egyptian Bronze Mirror Handle of a Nude Woman, 18th Dynasty, ca. 1550-1295 BCE
EB1602Regular price $15,000 USD
A superb Egyptian bronze mirror handle of a naked woman shown with her hands by her side and wearing a hairstyle of thick braided hair popular during the middle of the 18th Dynasty. She is capped with a perfectly proportioned umbel of a papyrus plant that forms the mounting for a reflecting disc, now missing.
The identity of these erotic female figures is debated, variously attributed to generic females, to priestesses of Hathor, or even to the actual deity. Others further suggest that gazing into the mirror could actually put the viewer in contact with the goddess herself. Votive mirrors with scenes of Hathor and other goddesses etched into the surface seem to confirm this association.
Such girls were associated with fecundity and rejuvenation, and when the mirror was offered as a grave gift, it would evoke rebirth in the afterlife. Many mirrors have textile impressions, suggesting that they were covered with cloth when placed in the tomb, evoking the Jewish custom of covering the mirrors in the house of a person recently deceased.
Lacovara, Peter. The World of Ancient Egypt: A Daily Life Encyclopedia [2 volumes]: A Daily Life Encyclopedia (p. 180). ABC-CLIO. Kindle Edition.
Published: C. Derricks, Les miroirs cariatides égyptiens en bronze, Mainz, 2001, p. 150, no. 42.
Condition: Minor loss to each terminal, and small repair to feet, mirror disc now missing but the handle is complete and in excellent condition overall.
Dimensions: Height: 4 1/4 inches (10.8 cm)
Provenance: Ex Simone de Monbrison, Paris, 1978.
An Egyptian Bronze Horus Falcon on a Sarcophagus, 26th Dynasty, ca. 646-525 BCE
EB1411Regular price $12,500 USD
Depicting the god Horus as a falcon, this well cast, and richly detailed falcon wears the Double Crown of Upper and Lower Egypt, fronted by the royal uraeus. The head has lidded oval eyes and a hooked beak. Thick, heavy ridges of the legs and rough skin of the talons contrast with the delicacy of the engraved feathering on the closed wings, uniting the power and majesty of the falcon. The falcon is centrally positioned on a rectangular sarcophagus, the narrow box tapering to a cavetto cornice, that originally housed either representative bones or the body of a small falcon.
Background: The soaring flight and predatory character of the falcon linked the mighty raptor to the god of the living king, Horus, early in the pharaonic tradition. The living king of Egypt was identified as an earthly Horus, and from the late Predynastic Period (c. 3100 BCE), the king bore a special royal “Horus name.” The falcon, as the sacred animal of Horus, came to symbolize divine kingship, as the king was the earthly representation of Horus. The common appearance of the Double Crown and uraeus on bronze figurines of falcons reinforces this royal connection. The falcon was also associated with the sky, with its eyes representing the sun and the moon and its large wings outspread to protect the earth below. Later, the falcon became associated with the sun god Re, bearing a sun disc on its head (known as Re-Harakhty). Other gods also had falcons as their sacred animals, such as Montu the god of war, who is distinguished by a double-plume headdress.
As with so many animals associated with the divine realm, during the later periods the falcon became the focus of mummification, burial, and votive offerings. The numerous bronze falcon statuettes are characterized by their upright, yet resting, stance with wings folded at the side. They range in size from small ornaments to large, freestanding figures with many of the larger examples hollow-cast with an inner compartment in which an actual bird could be deposited. Hundreds of thousands of mummified falcons were buried in extensive catacombs at sacred sites throughout Egypt. The Greco-Roman period temples at Philae and Edfu represent the final flourishing of the cult.
Hanfmann, G and Rowland, B. Jr., "Ancient Art at the Fogg Museum", Archaeology, Vol. 7, No. 3, 130-37.
Hart, George A Dictionary of Egyptian Gods and Goddesses. (1986) Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, United Kingdom, p. 94.
Redford, Donald B. The Ancient Gods Speak. (2002) Oxford University Press, New York, NY. p.166.
Parallels: D. Pacha, Collection d'Antiquités Égyptiennes de Tigrane Pacha d'Abro, Paris, 1911, no. 28, pl. XVII.
Museum of Archaeology at Staten Island, Divine Images and Other Fabulous Creatures, Staten Island, 1978, no. 10.
R. Merhav, et al., A Glimpse Into the Past: The Joseph Ternbach Collection, Jerusalem, 1981, no. 121.
Condition: With a patina of rich dark brown with green, black, and red, the sarcophagus has lost the sealing plate at the back and there is also a small amount of loss to the right wall and base, otherwise intact and in very good condition overall. Mounted on a black museum-quality custom base (not shown in photos).
Dimensions: Height: 12.7 cm (5 inches), Length: 13.33 cm (5.25 inches)
Provenance: Private collection of Elsa and Dr. Pierre H. Bloch-Diener, Bern Switzerland, acquired between 1965 and 1983, private collection of Dr. R. Bigler acquired in 1987, the private collection of Jeffrey Simpson, Acton MA, acquired after 1994 from the NY trade.
A Roman Military bronze Skillet with maker mark of Publius Cipius Polybius, Flavian Period (65-85 CE)
RB1603Regular price $7,500 USD
Excavated in Cyprus, this small bronze skillet is a testament to Roman export trade of goods throughout the empire. The bowl is small with curving sides from a small ringed foot. The base was cast and the bowl spun from it, the rim engraved with an elegant border of simple linear design. Applied on one side of the bowl is a handle, slightly expanded at the termination and, toward the widest part, a keyhole-shaped opening that allowed the vessel to be suspended from a hook or peg. Below this signature keyhole is stamped with the name of the maker - P.CIPI.POLYBI - Publius Cipius Polybius, the most prolific of the Capuan bronze smiths during the mid 1st century AD, whose goods were the most widely distributed throughout Europe.
Background: The Italian and Gaulish bronze-smiths were noted for their products, which included vases, flasks and large jars. Chief amongst the vessels produced in these workshops, however, were the large skillets, ladles, strainers and handled saucers that can be seen in many British and European museums. The handled saucers were apparently considered as part of a toilet set, and for this reason are commonly known as 'bath-saucers'. The skillets occur in two main forms, those that are deep, normally having a flat handle, and those that are shallow with a tubular handle, the latter often terminating in an animal head. Incised lines on the interior of some deep skillets are no doubt to enable correct quantities of liquids and/or dry goods to be measured, and it has been suggested that the skillets were originally produced in graduated sets. When they are found on a Roman occupation site this is most often of military origin, while most finds of deep skillets have come from the frontier areas of the Roman Empire. 'Bath-saucers', on the other hand, are normally found in civilian contexts, although they do also occur on military sites and in hoards found in barbaricum. cited from: Bennett, J., & Young, R. (1981). Some New and Some Forgotten Stamped Skillets, and the Date of P. Cipius Polybius. Britannia, 12, 37-44. doi:1. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/526242 doi:1
Dimensions: Diameter: 5 1/8" (12 cm), length (with handle): 8 3/4" (22 1/4 cm)
Condition: For aesthetic reasons, small losses to the base professionally restored, small loss to exterior rim that does not detract, otherwise the bowl is intact and in excellent condition overall. Mounted on custom acrylic base made by the Corcoran Museum, DC in the 1980's. Remains on white collection label on base.
Provenance: The William R. Crawford collection of Ancient Glass and Antiquities, acquired in Cyprus prior to 1972. This piece is accompanied by a copy of the export license issued to Mr. Crawford by Republic of Cyprus, Department of Antiquities. William R. Crawford, a retired American career diplomat and expert on the Middle East and Cyprus, was Director of Arab-Israeli Affairs at the State Department between 1959-1964, and Deputy Chief of Mission in Cyprus thereafter. In the 1970's, he was ambassador to Yemen and then to Cyprus and later became principal deputy assistant secretary of state for Near East and South Asian affairs. He donated part of his collection to the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts prior to his death in 2002.
An early Islamic Bronze Oil Bottle, ca. 10th century CE
MB1505Regular price $600 USD
The bulbous body tapers to form a narrow neck and flared rim, with ridged shoulder and decorative knobs around the rim.
Bottles of this form often contained bath oils. The knobs protruding from its rim (prunts) provided a grip should the bottle become slippery.
Condition: Intact and in very condition overall with good green brown patination.
Dimensions: Height: 4 3/4 inches (12.1 cm)
Provenance: The Nourollah Elghanayan Collection of Ancient Art, assembled 1950-1970's. Nourollah Elghanayan (1915 - 2009), NYC, Iranian-born businessman started buying land in Manhattan in the 1950s and 1960s focusing on Manhattan property on Second and Third avenues. His sons turned the holdings into a booming real-estate business. Now, the family is worth $1.9 billion and has more than 20 million square feet of residential and commercial holdings to its name, split among two firms.