A Royal Egyptian Steatite Scarab for Senusret II
Dynasty 12, ca. 1897-1878 BCE
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the base deeply incised with symbols of protection and the cartouche for Senusret II.
Senusret II, the birth name of the fourth king of Egypt's 12th Dynasty, means "Man of Goddess Wosret". It was the name that seems to enter the royal linage because of this king's non-royal, great, great grandfather, the original Senusret and father of the founder of the Dynasty, Amenemhet I. Senusret II's name is also found in various references as Senwosret II, or the Greek form, Sesostris II. His throne name was Kha-khaeper-re, meaning "Soul of Re comes into Being". We are told that he succeeded his father, Amenemhet II in about 1895 BC, after a short co-regency of at least three years.
Like his father Amenemhet II, Senusret II's reign is considered peaceful; practicing diplomacy with his neighbors rather than warfare and trade with the Near East was believed to be particularly prolific. No military campaigns are known during his rule, and his cordial relations with the regional leaders in Egypt are attested, though he undoubted protected Egypt's mineral interests and their expanded territory in Nubia. His efforts seem to have been more directed at expanding cultivation within the Fayoum rather then making war with his neighbors and regional nobles. In the Fayoum, his projects turned a considerable area from marshlands into agricultural land. He established a Fayoum irrigation project, including building a dyke and digging canals to connect the Fayoum with a waterway known today as Bahr Yusef.
Condition: Small chips to the right base but otherwise intact and in very good condition overall.
Dimensions: Length: 5/8 inch (1.6 cm)
Provenance: Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Feuer, NY., acquired 1970s - 1980s.
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Dynasty 12, ca. 1897-1878 BCE