An Egyptian Gold Applique of Horus, Ptolemaic Period, ca. 332 - 30 BCE
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Period: Ptolemaic Period
Object Date: ca. 332-30 BCE
Dimensions: Height: 6 cm (2.3 inches)
One of the most important gods of ancient Egypt, the worship of the ancient falcon-form sky god Horus spanned over 5,000 years. Perforated at five points for attachment to a mummy shroud, this plaque is hand-made from hammered sheet gold foil and portrays the god in left profile in wearing the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt.
Horus was not only a god of the sky, whose right eye was the sun and the left the moon, but the embodiment of divine kingship and protector of the reigning pharaoh. Through the assimilation with other major gods (Sun god; son of Isis and Osiris), Horus appears in many forms with extensive mythology. One of the major aspects of Horus’ cult is his link with the kingship of Egypt; his name was incorporated into the pharaonic titulary (“Living Horus on Earth”). For this reason, Horus was represented wearing the tall Double crown symbolizing his kingship over all Egypt.
Condition: Light crushing and denting throughout, but intact.
Provenance: Private New Jersey collection, acquired from the New York trade in 1998.