A fine Olmec Jade and Gold Bead Necklace, Pre-Classic Period ca. 900 - 300 BCE
PJ2112Regular price $4,950 USD
A single strand necklace composed of ten long, tapered tubular jade beads interspersed by spherical or barrel-shaped jade beads. The jades vary in color from pale to medium to deep gray-green; many have a bluish cast. Modern strung on a wire strand, with 14K gold clasp and Pre-Columbian gold bead spacers of a later than Olmec date.
Dimensions: Drop Length: 16 inches (40.64 cm), 33 inches overall (83.82 cm)
Condition: Beads are all intact, and in excellent condition overall.
Provenance: Private East Coast collection, acquired by the current collection in 1998. Ex. Merrin Gallery, New York.
A Hellenistic Gold and Garnet Pendant, ca. 2nd century BCE
GJ907Regular price $2,950 USD
Condition: Intact and in very good condition overall.
Dimensions: Length: 0.86 inches (2.2 cm). Now mounted on a modern 20-inch chain necklace of 14K gold.
Provenance: Vernon Pick (1903 - 1986) private collection assembled in Switzerland in the late 1950s and then by descent to Pick's nephew, J. Hanson, Minnesota.
A bronze Axehead, Koban Culture, ca. 9th - 8th century BCE
MX1509Regular price $1,500 USD
Koban culture is a late Bronze Age and Iron Age culture of the northern and central Caucasus. It is preceded by the Colchian culture of the western Caucasus and the Kharachoi culture further east. It is named after the village of Koban, Northern Ossetia, wherein 1869 battle-axes, daggers, decorative items and other objects were discovered in a kurgan. Later, further sites were uncovered in the central Caucasus. This rare example features an elliptical shaft-hole and crescentic blade and hammer at right angle.
Cf: On the way to the Golden Fleece. Archaeological Findings from Georgia, exhibition catalog, Munich Staatliche Museum, 1995, p. 284, no. 230, pl. 107f.
Dimensions: Length: 5-3/4 inches (14.5 cm)
Condition: Intact and in excellent condition overall. With museum-quality custom stand.
Provenance: Ex-Andrew Green collection, Ex-David Kennedy collection, acquired at London Art Market in late 1980's.
A Palesian Red Figure Bird Chous, Campania, ca. 4th century BCE
GP1403Regular price $1,750 USD
The small pottery pouring vessel sits on low ring base, with trefoil rim and attached strap handle behind, the bulbous body features a charming red-figure painted chick at front center, flanked by half palmettes and wave pattern filler above.
Condition: Complete, the handle professionally reattached, in very good condition overall.
Dimensions: Height: 4 1/8 inches (10.6 cm)
Provenance: Ex. Robert H. Johnston (1928-2005) collection, acquired in the 1970s. The archaeologist who helped decipher Dead Sea scrolls, Robert H. Johnston served in the Marine Corps during World War II, and then studied art at what was then Kutztown State Teacher's College in Pennsylvania. He earned a master's degree in art from Columbia University and taught at Lock Haven University, simultaneously studying for a doctorate in archaeology at Penn State University, which he earned in 1970. For two decades he was a professor and administrator at the Rochester Institute of Technology and helped develop a way to read ancient texts blackened or faded by time, including the Dead Sea Scrolls, and texts from the time of Christ. Dr. Johnston further decoded parts of a 10th-century parchment copy of a famous treatise by the Greek mathematician Archimedes that had been used as the fabric for a 13th-century prayer book.
A Red-Figure Xenonware Squat Lekythos with Duck, Magna Graecia, ca. 4th century BCE
GP1409Regular price $1,200 USD
a miniature black glazed squat Lekythos, with an applied loop handle and funnel tip mouth, an exaggerated bulbous lower half sitting atop of a torus ring foot. The center depicting a standing duck with beautiful detail to the beak, eyes, and feathers. Decorative elements of palmettes proportionately flank either side of the animal along with some fine geometric shapes.
Condition: some restoration work to the handle, with some minor chipping at the base. Otherwise intact and in very good condition overall.
Dimensions: Height: 2.25 inches (5.71 cm), Diameter: 1.5 inches (3.81 cm)
Provenance: Private NYC collection, acquired Ariadne Gallery, NYC with gallery label on base #261.
A Costa Rican Jade Pendant Mask, ca. 300 - 500 CE, restrung on ruby necklace
PJ2157Regular price $1,950 USD
Jade was especially appreciated by Mesoamerican and Lower Central American people because of its green color. This stone was associated with water, and vegetation, especially young, maturing corn. For this reason, it was also related to life and death. Olmec, Maya, Aztec, and Costa Rican elites particularly appreciated jade carvings and artifacts and commissioned elegant pieces from skillful artisans. Jade was traded and exchanged among elite members as a luxury item all over the pre-Hispanic American world and is often found in elite burial contexts, as personal adornments. It was replaced by gold very late in time in Mesoamerica, and around 500 AD in Costa Rica and Lower Central America.
Condition: Incomplete, with loss to the top right and chin area, that surprisingly does not detract, otherwise intact and well carved. A truly attractive and appealing necklace.
Dimensions: Height: 1 1/2 Inches (3.5 cm)
Provenance: Pendant: Mirtha Virginia de Perea (1929 - 2019) private collection of Costa Rican art. Mrs. de Perea spent her entire 48-year career with the Embassy of Costa Rica in Washington, DC, achieving the rank of Cultural Minister-Counselor and Consul after having started as a secretary. She was a devoted patron of the arts, promoting numerous local artists and sponsoring many cultural events throughout her career. She also amassed an impressive collection of Latin American art. After retiring in 1999, she became a US citizen and continued her support of the arts through her membership in the Women’s Committee of the Washington National Opera and other local groups.
A Roman Bronze Head of a Bull, ca. 1st - 2nd century CE
RB2112Regular price $3,500 USD
Representations of bulls are perhaps one of the most popular types of animal figurines within the Roman world. Apart from the common thread of bull imagery in the ancient realm, with its fertility symbolism, bull representations may have been considered appropriate because the animal itself was the quintessential animal of sacrifice. Another possibility is that the bulls were considered appropriate for specific cults, for instance, those of Dionysus or Jupiter.
Published: Christie's, NY, Antiquities Auction, 5th December 2001, lot #633
Condition: Tips to the horns missing that do not detract, otherwise intact and in very good condition overall. A very nice example, offered on a museum-quality custom mount.
Dimensions: Height: 2 1/2 inches (6.3 cm)
Provenance: Property of a European Gentleman, thereafter a Maryland private collection, acquired from the NY trade in 2003.
An impressive Andesite Human Trophy Head, Costa Rica, ca. 1000 - 1500 CE
PS2105Regular price $3,250 USD
Disembodied human heads are ubiquitous in the Pre-Columbian iconography of Costa Rica and neighboring areas of Panama. Accounts make it clear that indigenous peoples practiced taking and displaying human heads as trophies. In this volcanic stone example, the closed eyes and slack mouth suggest death, while the close-fitting cap of geometric design may be of fiber as the form suggests twisted cords or a rattan-like material. It was thought that taking trophy heads was the direct result of warfare undertaken by warriors over conflicts about territory, material resources and/or leadership.
However, there was another signiﬁcant dimension to warfare—the magical and the supernatural, whereby decapitation may have been viewed as a necessary evil for combating the adverse effects of sorcery (Hoopes 2007). Usekars (wizards) were powerful religious practitioners who defended their communities against sorcery and were themselves capable of casting harmful spells. As late as the nineteenth century, the Bribri usekars of eastern Costa Rica organized revenge-motivated raiding parties to kill and decapitate other sorcerers. However decapitation occurred, the prevalence of severed heads in ancient Costa Rican art indeed indicates particular beliefs regarding the potency of the head, diminishing the vitality of the individual's larger family, and increasing that of the head-taker.
cf: Hoopes, John W. “Sorcery and the Taking of Trophy Heads in Ancient Costa Rica.” INTERDISCIPLINARY CONTRIBUTIONS TO ARCHAEOLOGY, pp. 444–480., doi:10.1007/978-0-387-48303-0_17.
Condition: Intact and in excellent condition overall. The marble display base is included with this object.
Dimensions: Length: 4 1/2 inches (11.5 cm)
Provenance: Mirtha Virginia de Perea (1929 - 2019) private collection of Costa Rican art. Mrs. de Perea spent her entire 48-year career with the Embassy of Costa Rica in Washington, DC, achieving the rank of Cultural Minister-Counselor and Consul after having started as a secretary. She was a devoted patron of the arts, promoting numerous local artists and sponsoring many cultural events throughout her career. She also amassed an impressive collection of Latin American art. After retiring in 1999, she became a US citizen and continued her support of the arts through her membership in the Women’s Committee of the Washington National Opera and other local groups.
An Egyptian Faience Shabti for Semset, 30th Dynasty, ca. 343 - 300 BCE
EU2129Regular price $3,950 USD
Mummiform, fine quality, faience with light blue glaze (mostly stained to brown or green). Details in relief, with a striated tripartite wig, long plaited divine beard, facial details in quality relief, hands crossed over the chest carrying a pick and hoe, seed sack on a cord suspended over the left shoulder, with a dorsal pillar and trapezoidal base, a single column of vertical incised hieroglyphic text on the front that reads: "The illuminated, the Osiris, Semset, born to Renpet- neferet, justified”
Aubert, J., Aubert, L., Statuettes funeraires egyptiennes du department des Monnaies, Medalles et Antiques ( France, 2005) pp. 142 - 143 no. 61, Inv. Nr. 822
Decker, S. Uschebti – agyptische Dienerfiguren einer deutschen Privatsammlung, (Kempen, 2005) pp. 124 – 125.
Dimensions: Height: 12 cm (4.7 inches)
Condition: Staining, chip at proper right of feet, otherwise in fine condition and with very good detailing; particularly attractive variegated blue and green glaze.
Provenance: Dr. Peter Gray private collection, Liphook, Hampshire, 1950s, thereafter Macalpine private collection, London, 1974-1980. Art Loss Certificate No: S00048958.
A large Greco-Roman Marble Architectural Fragment, Hellenistic Period, ca. 2nd - 1st century BCE
GS1601Regular price $1,500 USD
This lovely gray marble fragment is from a larger architectural sculpture. There is most of a flower (half of the bottom petal is missing) in the lower register, and a heart-shaped decoration in the upper register.
Dimensions: Height: 7 inches (17.78 cm), Width: 6 inches (15.24), Depth: 6 1/4 inches (15.87)
Condition: Fragmentary as described, but in good condition.
Provenance: The William R. Crawford collection of Ancient Glass and Antiquities, acquired from the European trade in the 1950's and then by descent. William R. Crawford, a retired American career diplomat and expert on the Middle East and Cyprus, was Director of Arab-Israeli Affairs at the State Department between 1959-1964, and Deputy Chief of Mission in Cyprus thereafter. In the 1970's, he was ambassador to Yemen and then to Cyprus and later became principal deputy assistant secretary of state for Near East and South Asian affairs. He donated part of his collection to the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts prior to his death in 2002.
An early Egyptian Copper Mirror, First Intermediate Period, ca. 2181 - 2055 BCE
EB1804Regular price $1,750 USD
The thin elliptical mirror disc, once burnished to a gleaming reflective surface, connects to a short tang that would have been inserted into a handle. The modern wooden handle seen here is modeled after those used in ancient times.
Reflecting the image of a person, the mirror disc was associated with vitality, generation, and regeneration. Further, the elliptical form and light-giving quality reflect that of the sun disk, and to a lesser extent the lunar as well.
Cf. Petrie Objects of Daily Use (Oxford, 1927), p. 32 & pl. xxviii, no. 35 for an identical example from an Old Kingdom tomb at Qau.
Dimensions: 16 cm (6.3 inches) x 16.5 cm (6.5 inches)
Condition: With a few minor losses to the edges, a minor dent in the upper surface, and small areas of corrosion, overall intact and in good condition. The wood handle is a museum-quality custom mount.
Provenance: Orange County private collection, California, acquired in the 1970s.
An Egyptian Gold Applique of Horus, Ptolemaic Period, ca. 332 - 30 BCE
EJ2119Regular price $3,500 USD
Period: Ptolemaic Period
Object Date: ca. 332-30 BCE
Dimensions: Height: 6 cm (2.3 inches)
One of the most important gods of ancient Egypt, the worship of the ancient falcon-form sky god Horus spanned over 5,000 years. Perforated at five points for attachment to a mummy shroud, this plaque is hand-made from hammered sheet gold foil and portrays the god in left profile in wearing the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt.
Horus was not only a god of the sky, whose right eye was the sun and the left the moon, but the embodiment of divine kingship and protector of the reigning pharaoh. Through the assimilation with other major gods (Sun god; son of Isis and Osiris), Horus appears in many forms with extensive mythology. One of the major aspects of Horus’ cult is his link with the kingship of Egypt; his name was incorporated into the pharaonic titulary (“Living Horus on Earth”). For this reason, Horus was represented wearing the tall Double crown symbolizing his kingship over all Egypt.
Condition: Light crushing and denting throughout, but intact.
Provenance: Private New Jersey collection, acquired from the New York trade in 1998.
A rare Jade Female Celt Pendant, Cosa Rica, Early Classic Period, ca. 5th - 12th century CE
PJ2122Regular price $2,950 USD
These features, together with the posture suggest a shaman or healer in the middle of a ritual performance or magical transformation, especially given that both women and men could be healers in ancient Costa Rican society. a pale blue figural celt with incised hands, knobbed cheeks, drilled eyes, and incised headband Drilled through the neck for suspension, this pendant was likely worn as the centerpiece of a necklace with additional beads of jade, greenstone, bone and/or wood.
Condition: Intact and in excellent condition overall with no chips, cracks or breaks. A very fine example.
Dimensions: Height: 6 inches (15.24 cm)
Provenance: Mirtha Virginia de Perea (1929 - 2019) private collection of Costa Rican art. Original collection sticker (4) on back. Mrs. de Perea spent her entire 48-year career with the Embassy of Costa Rica in Washington, DC, achieving the rank of Cultural Minister-Counselor and Consul after having started as a secretary. She was a devoted patron of the arts, promoting numerous local artists and sponsoring many cultural events throughout her career. She also amassed an impressive collection of Latin American art. After retiring in 1999, she became a US citizen and continued her support of the arts through her membership in the Women’s Committee of the Washington National Opera and other local groups.
Rare Bronze Horse Head from the Biblical Land of Sheba, ca. 2nd century BCE - 1st century CE
MB2101Regular price $3,950 USD
from the biblical land of Sheba, a rare cast bronze South Arabian horse protome or dagger handle. The distinctive head with engraved mane and inlaid eyes beneath heavy ribbed brows, the braided harness with blinders behind the eyes, two holes for attachment at the base of the neck.
Originating on the Arabian Peninsula, the fine Arabian horse is one of the most easily recognizable horse breeds in the world. It is also one of the oldest, with archaeological depictions dating back 4,200 years. Throughout history, Arabian horses spread around the world by both war and trade, used to improve other breeds by adding speed, refinement, endurance, and strong bones. Today, Arabian bloodlines are found in almost every modern breed of riding horse.
Legend has it that the Queen of Sheba presented King Solomon with a mare named Safanad, meaning “the pure”. Safanad is believed to be the founding mother of all Arabian horses, the oldest of all horse breeds. According to myth, Safanad was created from the four winds. The animal was endowed with spirit from the North, strength from the South, speed from the East, and intelligence from the West.
Published: Sotheby's, New York, June 12, 2001, lot 298
Condition: Scattered areas of deep green surface patina on a red-bronze oxide ground. Missing one ear but otherwise in very good condition. Custom mounted. A rare and exciting example for any horse lover.
Dimensions: Height: 4 1/2 inches (11.5 cm)
Provenance: Deaccessioned from the Santa Barbara Museum, CA, 2001 thereafter a private Florida collection.
An Islamic Gold and Turquoise Pendant, ca. 14th - 15th century CE
MJ2114Regular price $1,200 USD
This high-quality gold pendant is set with a central cabochon turquoise and strung as a necklace using modern turquoise beads sourced from Arizona.
Dimensions: Necklace length: 18 1/2 inches (47 cm), Pendant length: 1 1/4 inches (3.17 cm)
Condition: Intact and in excellent condition overall. A very pretty necklace.
Provenance: Ex. Sumer Gallery, (Henry Anavian) NYC., acquired 1970s-1980s, by descent to family.
A Narino Pod-Shaped Hardstone Whistle, ca. 500 - 1000 CE
PM2101Regular price $1,500 USD
Carefully hand-carved from warm tan hardstone in the typical Narino style, the upper half depicts a human head with distinctly carved eyes, nose, and mouth, with two monkeys clinging to the head and back. The lower half, shaped into a pod that tapers to a point, has several circles incised into the stone. Three small holes and one large hole that serves as a mouthpiece are carved into the lower portion to create a whistle.
Dimensions: Height: 6.5 cm (2 5/8 inches)
Condition: Intact and in excellent condition overall. Custom mounted.
Provenance: Private Canadian collection, acquired from the New York trade in 2009.
A Published Roman Millefiori Glass Bead, Roman Imperial Period, 1st Century BCE/CE
RJ2158Regular price $1,750 USD
Background: Translated to "A thousand flowers" in Italian, millefiori refers to most common floral design patterns. Millefiori beads (a mosaic glass), were made in ancient times and had numerous sections of patterned canes placed in close proximity parallel to one another and heated to fuse together. The pad of millefiori glass was then rolled upon itself and shaped to form a bead. When Italians reinvented millefiori glass, they usually applied cane pieces to a separate base, often the bead's core, and fused the parts together; this is one way ancient beads may be distinguished.
Published: I. Grimm-Stadelmann (ed.), Aesthetic Glimpses, Masterpieces of Ancient Egyptian Art, The Resandro Collection, Munich, 2012, p. 239, no. R-789 (part).
Condition: Complete, professionally rejoined from two pieces, in very good condition overall.
Dimensions: Length: 7/8 inch (2.22 cm)
Provenance: Christie's, London, 12/5/2017, sale 14231, lot # 110 (part), ex. The Alfred Wolkenberg Collection of Ancient Glass, Christie's, London, 9 July 1991, lot 130, ex. Resandro collection, acquired from the above sale.