An Egyptian Faience Thoth Amulet, Late Period ca. 664 - 332 BCE
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The ibis-headed god shown standing on an integral plinth with back pillar, striding forward, his hands fisted as his sides, and wearing a short pleated kilt.
Originally named Tehuti by the Egyptians, Thoth was given his better-known name by the Greeks. They linked him with their god Hermes, and like Hermes, he was considered to be the god of wisdom, writing, and invention. He was also the messenger and spokesman of the gods and finally the lord of the moon. He is represented as a man with the head of an ibis, which is often crowned by the crescent moon supporting the full moon disk. He often holds a writing palette. The baboon is also sacred to him, for in Hermopolis, he merged with the local baboon god Hedj-wer. Thoth invented the arts and sciences, music, and magic, and was the god of learning, but above all, he was famed for being the creator of hieroglyphs, and was known as “the lord of holy words”. As the god who invented writing, he was the protector of scribes. Thoth was occasionally described as the tongue or heart of Ra. As the god of magic, he was called “the elder”.
Condition: The amulet is intact and in very good condition overall.
Dimensions: Height: 2.5 cm (1 inch)
Provenance: Private Maryland collection of a diplomat, acquired while serving in Egypt between 1949 and 1956, and then by descent.