A fine Egyptian Bronze Toilet Mirror
Middle Kingdom, ca. 1938 - 1758 BCE
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The shaft of metallic mirrors were made in Egypt as early as the Old Kingdom and had function as well as religious and funerary uses. Reflecting the image of a person, the mirror disc was associated with vitality, generation, and regeneration. The shape of the papyrus stalk, so often used as a handle, points out this association together with solar, and to a lesser extent, lunar connection considering the shape and light-giving quality of the disk.
For related examples see: Anlen, Léon, and Roger Padiou Les miroirs de bronze anciens. (1989) Guy Tredaniel, Paris, France.
Dayagi-Mendels, Michal Perfumes and Cosmetics in the Ancient World. (1989) The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel.
Institut du monde Arabe, Paris, , and Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, Munich SOUDAN. Royaumes sur le Nil 1997 (Exhibition in Munich, Paris, Amsterdam, Toulouse, Mannheim.). Flammarion, Paris. (83, plate 89)
Khalil, Hassan M. Preliminary Studies on the Sanusret Collection. (1976) Manuscript, Musée l’Egypte et le Monde Antique, Monaco-Ville, Monaco. ([III] 309-311)
Manniche, Lise Sacred Luxuries: Fragrance, Aromatherapy, & Cosmetics in Ancient Egypt. (1999) Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.
Vandier d’Abbadie, J. Catalogue des objets de toilette égyptiens. (1972) Editions des Musées Nationaux, Paris, France.
Condition: With a deep green patina, the mirror is overall intact and in very good condition. The handle, originally in two pieces, was treated and professionally rejoined to museum standards and presented on a museum-quality custom mount.
Dimensions: Height: 8 1/4 inches (21 cm), Mirror width: 4 1/8 inches (10.47 cm)
Provenance: Private collection of Victor Pafundi (1949-2018), Florida, the collection assembled from the late 1970s to 1990s.
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