A large Medieval Bronze Cross Pendant, Crusader Period, ca. 1000 - 1500 CE
A large bronze cross pendant with a suspension loop and rounded arms; the cross bears extensive relief decoration on both sides, with Christ standing at the center on one side and Christ crucified on the other side. Further biblical scenes are visible on each of the arms.
The Cross, the principal symbol of Christianity, recalls the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ and the redeeming benefits of his Passion and death. The cross is thus a sign both of Christ himself and of the faith of Christians. The cross that the Crusaders wore on their robes was a symbol of martyrdom, and to die in combat was considered a great honor that assured a place in heaven. The Crusades were military expeditions, beginning in the late 11th century, that were organized by Western European Christians in response to centuries of Muslim wars of expansion in the Holy Lands. People of all social classes took place in the Crusades, from heavily armed knights to humble peasants using improvised weapons, all in pursuit of salvation in the afterlife.
Dimensions: Height: 3 3/4 inches (9.5 cm)
Condition: The cross is intact and in very good condition overall for an object of this type and age.
Provenance: From an old British collection, acquired on the UK art market in the 1970s.
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